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      This is your public service 1-stop-shop for Alaskan and Canadian Arctic energy commentary, news, history, projects and people. We update it daily for you. It is the most timely and complete northern energy archive anywhere — used by media, academia, government and industry officials throughout the world. Northern Gas Pipelines may be the oldest Alaska blog; we invite readers to name others existing before 2001.  -dh

 

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4-9-14 Pedro van Meurs Announces June Fiscal Oil and Gas Courses In Amsterdam

09 April 2014 2:08am

Our friend, Pedro van Meurs (NGP Photo) will host his Pedro van Meurs, fiscal oil and gas, courses, amsterdam, Photo by Dave Harbourspecial sequence of three fiscal oil and gas courses to be held in Amsterdam:

  • June 4 – 6: The Advanced Course in Fiscal Systems for Unconventional Oil and Gas. The course deals with unconventional projects in North America and worldwide, including spreadsheet based economic analysis of a wide variety of applicable fiscal systems.  
  • June 9 – 13: The world famous regular course in World Fiscal Systems for Oil and Gas, providing a comprehensive overview of fiscal systems related to leases, licenses, concessions, PSCs and risk service contracts based on our student spreadsheet for conventional oil and gas.
  • June 16 – 20:  The Advanced Course in PSCs, with detailed spreadsheet based economic analysis and discussion of all twelve different PSCs types and styles. The final two days of the course deal with legal aspects.

According to van Meurs, "The total sequence of three courses presents an unusual opportunity to learn about every aspect of oil and gas fiscal systems in the world and receive comprehensive and in-depth training in the details of economic and fiscal analysis and negotiation.  Participants receive a discount of 10% for participating in 2 courses and 20% for participating in all three."

For more information about van Meurs' courses, click here.

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4-8-14 What Do Underfunded Pensions Have To Do With An Alaska Gas Pipeline?

08 April 2014 9:07am

Remember this announcement, 5 years ago today?  ANCHORAGE, April 8, 2008 - BP [NYSE: BP] and ConocoPhillips [NYSE: COP] today announced they have combined resources to start Denali - The Alaska Gas Pipeline. The pipeline will move approximately four billion cubic feet of natural gas per day to markets, and will be the largest private sector construction project ever built in North America. The project combines the financial strength, arctic experience and technical resources of two of the most capable and experienced companies in the world.


Globe & Mail.  The U.S. Energy Information Administration reported last week that Canadian oil exports to the United States are the highest in at least four decades. 

Today, CongressmanDoc Hastings, ESA, Photo by Dave Harbour Doc Hastings' (NGP Photo) House Natural Resources Committee held a Full Committee legislative hearing on four straightforward bills to update the Endangered Species Act (ESA) for the 21st century and improve species recovery.   This effort works in the favor of Alaska's and America's economy without diminishing reasonable support for protecting truly endangered species.  -dh


Does Alaska's Pension Liability Threaten Gas Pipeline Viability?

(See SitNews Ketchikan Reprint)

by

Dave Harbour

Alaska spends more than it takes in.  To that extent must investors worry about when -- and not if -- the next tax proposal will creep over the horizon toward THEM.  

Below is the link to an Op-Ed wherein mayors (i.e. whose own retirements are at risk with underfunded pension liabilities) urge lawmakers to support the Governor's proposal to reduce the $12 billion unfunded pension liability by $3 billion.

Bill Corbus, Juneau, State Spending, Mine, Electric Utility, Photo by Dave HarbourToday's Juneau Empire Op-Ed.  See long-time Alaskan utility and natural resource expert, Bill Corbus' (NGP Photo) related opinion.  -dh

To do that, lawmakers will have to remove $3 billion from state savings accounts at a time when their deficit spending level requires use of depleting savings.

Oil production from Prudhoe Bay is declining, upon which 90% of state spending is based.  Oil revenue could continue its dramatic, annual production decline putting more reliance on savings accounts to balance an unsustainable state budget.

See Alyeska Pipeline Service Company President Tom Barrett, Alyeska Pipeline, oil, taxes, production, TAPS, Photo by Dave HarbourTom Barrett's (NGP photo) response to yesterday's Alaska state revenue forecast.  We believe that better than projected production decline rates are due to the passage a year ago of SB 21, which reformed Alaska's oil production tax.  -dh

Paying off the entire pension liability is impossible since Alaska doesn't have $12 billion in total savings available.  (4-10-14 Note: See "Understanding Alaska's Budget".  Some might say we have over $20 billion in savings available; but since political reality prevents expenditure of most of these sources for "government pension fund liabilities," they should not all be considered available.) 

Gas pipeline investors have to be wondering, "If I commit to a portion of a $40 - 60 billion gas pipeline/LNG export project and the state continues running out of money, how safe is my investment from predatory tax policy?"

Alaska has a track record of taxing for more than it needs to operate and, to add insult to injury, taxing the oil industry retroactively.  It has built the highest cost per capita bureaucracy in the nation.  Now, in the face of rising costs and diminished revenues it is urging oil companies to invest in a mega gas pipeline project so that revenue from that project a decade from now can fund the state's spending appetite.

Link to our reports and commentary on LNG competition, here.

Energy advisor, Keith Kohl, says in his communique today that, " Like us, Canada's National Energy Board has approved seven LNG export license applications — but unlike us, the first project slated to start tapping the Asian LNG markets as early as next year."

Meanwhile, dozens of pending LNG export projects in the the US and Canada are all romancing the same Asian energy consumers.  Experienced observers know that profit margins will likely be thinner than they hope for.  Asian utility managers are not stupid.  They will want the lowest possible "ship or pay" cost for LNG energy in return for their own "take or pay", long-term financial commitments.  (Some good, Lower 48 researchers are excited about Alaska's prospects, but may not be fully aware of investor concerns or competitive pressures from other export projects that we have covered in these pages.  -dh)

The LNG project that offers the lowest, competitive price to an Asian utility in return for a 20-year, firm contract, cannot afford to risk company solvency on "assurances" that Alaska will not create new energy taxes out of thin air and even apply them retroactively--thus altering project metrics and risk.  The risk that the contracted delivery price of LNG to an Asian market could be lower than the cost of delivering the LNG -- under a "ship or pay" arrangement, may be an unacceptable risk to a responsible investor.

So the final question that any gas pipeline investor might be asking now is, "Can Alaska assure my company that today's gas pipeline investment is safe from future tax increases when unfunded pension liabilities, run-away budgets and diminishing oil production pose a dreadful danger in spite of Joe Griffith, In-state gas, gas pipeline, electric utility, MEA, CEA, Photo by Dave Harbour, ANGDA, CWNany politician's soothing assurances and best intentions?"  

As our friend, utility manager Joe Griffith (NGP Photo), has often said, "Hope is not a strategy."  We all hope for conditions that will enable sustainable budgets and projects to supply both the jobs and the financial resources of the future.  But hope alone will not achieve that goal.  

What then is an answer to this Gordian knot of intertwining politics and energy policy?  Cut public spending to be consistent with income.  Cut welfare/entitlement spending to be consistent with median welfare spending of all other states.  Business taxes should not exceed median of business taxes in other states.  Institute new taxes only on new investment, not on prior investment.  Never tax retroactively.  Cut tax and regulatory burdens to essential and responsible needs.  Avoid state investment into private sector projects--which always involves politicians risking "Other Peoples' Money".  Of course, there are as many suggestions as there are people with opinions.

So is some combination of these and other responsible remedies too difficult?  

If workable solutions are "too difficult" they will not be undertaken and undisciplined, unsustainable economic policies will ultimately result in involuntary compliance with economic realities.

Parents warn children that this is called, "learning the hard way".            

   


​Fairbanks News Miner, by Mayors John Eberhart, Luke Hopkins and Bryce Ward​.  

Gov. Sean Parnell’s budget includes a $3 billion line item to reduce the Public Employees Retirement System (PERS) and Teachers Retirement System (TRS) unfunded liability, which is about $12 billion. The mayors of Alaska, through the Alaska Conference of Mayors and the Alaska Municipal League, fully support the governor’s initiative to stop the can from being kicked down the road.

The state has attempted to make inroads in regard to this huge liability, but so far hasn’t had success. Every year the deficit has increased. The governor has stepped forward to address this issue in a responsible way.


Comment: Yesterday, April 7, 2014 the Alaska Department of Revenue issued its Spring 2014 Revenue Forecast.  We believe it provides a brighter outlook for a future, sustainable economy, if decision makers continue to support the sort of tax reform to which the increased production may be Tom Barrett, Alyeska Pipeline, TAPS, state revenue forecast, alaska, throughput, tax policy, Photo by Dave Harbourlargely attributed.  But for future years, a sustainable economy based almost entirely on the back of one industry needs serious, objective attention and problem solving.

Note that the forecast includes improved North Slope production and projects a lower decline than has been anticipated.   The following is from the office of Alyeska Pipeline Service Company President Tom Barrett (NGP Photo).  -dh

Barrett issued the following statement this morning:

“The Department of Revenue’s forecast is great news for TAPS.  This much needed upward shift in throughput is critical, because moving less oil through TAPS creates significant challenges for the men and women who work to keep the pipeline operating safely and reliably. Every barrel in TAPS counts and the prospect of thousands of additional barrels moving down the line is welcome news.” 

“We understand that Alaska depends on us to safely deliver the oil that funds so many state services.  That’s why Alyeska and the TAPS Owners have aggressively pursued solutions to declining flow.  But, as I have often said, ‘the best and most direct solution for TAPS is more oil.’”

“I applaud the Governor and the Legislature for fostering an environment that encourages more development.  The forecast reflects that the investments being made by the producers should pay off soon for Alaska.  That’s good news for TAPS and for everyone in the state.”

More information about the challenges of declining throughput is available at http://www.alyeska-pipe.com/TAPS/PipelineOperations/LowFlowOperations

About Alyeska Pipeline

For more than 36 years, Alyeska has operated the 800-mile Trans Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS), safely moving oil from Prudhoe Bay on the North Slope of Alaska south to the Port of Valdez, the northernmost ice-free port in the United States. The pipeline traverses three mountain ranges, permafrost regions and 34 major rivers and streams. Alyeska personnel work in Anchorage, Fairbanks and Valdez and at pump stations and response facilities all along the pipeline. They also operate the Ship Escort/Response Vessel System (SERVS) for Prince William Sound. Alyeska was created to construct, operate, and maintain TAPS for owner companies which today are BP Pipelines (Alaska), ConocoPhillips Transportation Alaska, ExxonMobil Pipeline Company and Unocal Pipeline Company

For more information, visit http://www.alyeska-pipe.com or follow Alyeska on Facebook or on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/AlyeskaPipeline

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4-7-14

07 April 2014 10:21am

WILD CANADA: This spectacular four-part series on the wildlife and the wild lands of Canada reveals a Canada that few have seen before. 


This morning, U.S. Senator Lisa Murkowski (NGP Photo) ...Lisa Murkowski, Pebble, rule of law, Rio Tinto, Northern Dynasty, Photo by Dave Harbour

Rebecca Logan, SB 21, Senate Resources, Alaska oil taxes, Photo by Dave Harbour, Alaska Support Industry AllianceThis afternoon at 7:30 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, readers may watch a legislative hearing (i.e. live streaming) in Juneau before the Senate Resources Committee.  One of the Doug Smith, Little Red Services, SB 21, oil taxes, Alaska investment climate, Photo by Dave Harbouritems heard will be "Updates From The Field", including testimony concerning Alaska's tax and investment climate by Alaska Support Industry Alliance representatives, Rebecca Logan and Doug Smith (See photos). 

 ... commented on Rio Tinto's divestment of its interest in the Pebble Partnership.  

Her position is consistent with the view we have expressed over that last two years that EPA's potential, preemptive action is a gross violation of the rule of law and creates a dangerous precedent for any oil and gas, mining, commercial fishing, agricultural, construction or other public works project.

*   *   *

Here is Governor Sean Parnell's statement, released Sean Parnell, Rio Tinto, Northern Dynasty, Pebble, Rule of Law, preemptive, EPA, Photo by Dave Harbourearly this afternoon:  Governor Sean Parnell (NGP Photo) today released the following statement after learning of Rio Tinto’s decision to divest its 19 percent ownership stake in Northern Dynasty Minerals and the Pebble copper and gold project.  “It’s disheartening to see a company like Rio Tinto take its business elsewhere as a result of the current federal regulatory environment,” Governor Parnell said. “Even more troubling is the EPA’s efforts to preemptively veto a project before any proposal has been submitted and before a public permitting process has even commenced. Mining provides thousands of jobs for Alaskans and is a critical sector of our state’s economy. Looking ahead, for Alaska to compete globally for investment dollars, it will require a fairer and more stable regulatory process than what the federal government currently pursues.”

*     *     *    

The EPA's unrelenting ardor is aptly demonstrated by Administrator McCarthy's speech tonight to the US Water Alliance in Washington, National Geographic Headquarters Grosvenor Auditorium, 6 p.m.  She will discuss EPA’s continued efforts to "safeguard our waterways" (if not our economy -dh), including the Agency’s recent landmark proposal to clarify protections for the nation’s streams and wetlands under the Clean Water Act.  -dh


Peninsula Clarion/AP by Becky Bohrer.   The House Resources Committee version of a bill to advance a major liquefied natural gas project was starting to take shape Saturday, as members dug into a thick stack of proposed changes.  The committee, with a reputation for finely parsing language, was making slow but steady progress in an amendment process that began Friday. The panel planned to resume work Sunday, after making a slight dent in the stack after hours of meeting Saturday.


From Robert Dillon, Senate Energy Committee Staff.  The U.S. Energy Information Administration today released the first part of its Annual Energy Outlook for 2014. Under the EIA’s high-resource case for U.S. oil production – that is, a scenario where oil production sees sustained production increases over the next 25 years – net imports drop to zero:

“In the High Oil and Gas Resource case, growth in tight oil production continues for a longer period of time than projected in the Reference case. Domestic crude oil production increases to nearly 13 MMbbl/d before 2035 in the High Oil and Gas Resource case, and net U.S. oil imports decline through 2036 and remain at or near zero from 2037 through 2040.” – EIA.gov/forecasts.


U.S. Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) today released the following statement on Rio Tinto’s decision to divest its 19-percent shareholder interest in Northern Dynasty Minerals and the Pebble gold, copper, and molybdenum prospect in Southwest Alaska:

“I appreciate the way Rio Tinto is handling this decision. Instead of simply divesting, it has committed to investing in the education of Bristol Bay’s next generation. This will help ensure that local residents have the skills to get or create the kind of jobs that will allow them to provide for their families.

“I understand that many mining companies are reevaluating their project portfolios right now, but I’m concerned by what else may have prompted this decision. If we want to attract investment to our state and our economy, we need a regulatory system at the federal level that is predictable enough to allow responsible development to go forward – at least to the permitting stage, and without the threat of a preemptive veto from the EPA hanging over it."  

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3-31-14

31 March 2014 5:34am

Kenai Peninsula Clarion Editorial.  Sean Parnell, Alaska, Governor, Municipal Advisory Council, gas pipeline, Photo by Dave HarbourLast week, Gov. Sean Parnell created a municipal advisory board to weigh in on issues surrounding a natural gas pipeline project that could eventually tie communities together from Prudhoe Bay to Nikiski (i.e. See News Miner Story).​  While it’s laudable that the governor chose to allow several of those communities to weigh in — representatives from North Slope, Fairbanks North Star, Denali, Matanuska-Susitna, and the Kenai Peninsula Borough will be able to weigh in — we find other parts of the pipeline development process to be troubling.   More....

Latest On the Enviro-Industrial-Governmental Cabal

Powerline Blog, 2-27-14.  

But the UN climate body now says it is no longer so certain. The second part of the IPCC’s new assessment report is due to be presented next Monday (I.E. TODAY) in Yokohama, Japan. On the one hand, a classified draft of the report notes that a further “increased extinction risk for a substantial number of species during and beyond the 21st century” is to be expected. On the other hand, the IPCC admits that there is no evidence climate change has led to even a single species becoming extinct thus far. . .

The draft report includes a surprising admission by the IPCC — that it doubts its own computer simulations for species extinctions. “There is very little confidence that models currently predict extinction risk accurately,” the report notes. Very low extinction rates despite considerable climate variability during past hundreds of thousands of years have led to concern that “forecasts for very high extinction rates due entirely to climate change may be overestimated.”

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3-26-14 Parnell Creates LNG Project Municipal Advisory Board

26 March 2014 6:18am

Fairbanks News Miner by Matt Buxton.  

Sean Parnell, Alaska, Governor, Municipal Advisory Board, LNG, Project, Photo by Dave HarbourAfter local mayors raised concerns over how the state’s natural gas pipeline deal could deprive communities of millions in property taxes, Gov. Sean Parnell (NGP Photo) established a board tasked with reviewing the pipeline.

Parnell signed an order creating the Municipal Advisory Gas Project Review Board, which will “develop a framework for assessing the impact and benefits, especially on communities, of a future Alaska natural gas line,” according to a press release Tuesday.

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3-20-14 Learning From History

20 March 2014 8:14am

What Does This Week's Gas Pipeline Effort Have To Do With The August Primary Election?

by Dave Harbour

                               Alaska, Governor, Jay Hammond, oil taxes, Photo by Dave Harbour

Thirty-three years ago this week, Alaska's governor, Jay Hammond (NGP Photo), gathered with House and Senate leadership to announce bipartisan legislation aimed at reforming oil taxes.

Point of Personal Privilege:
 
We celebrate the life and mourn the passing of our great friend, Dr. Milton Byrd (NGP Photo).  (See our later update and obituary on March 3, 2014)
 
Milton Byrd, Frontier Companies, Tennessee Miller, Alaska Support Industry Alliance, Commonwealth North, World Affairs Council, Rotary, Photo by  Dave Harbour, Charter CollegeInterested readers may contact us personally here, for more information as the Byrd family releases it.
 
For over three decades, Milton has contributed tirelessly to the growth and improvement of Alaska and her people.
 
We first met upon his arrival.
 
Tennessee Miller, the iconic Alaskan owner of Frontier Transportation (i.e. of North Slope 'Cat Train' fame), was his first Alaska boss.
 
"I've hired this bright, young college president," he once said proudly, "to come up here and help me handle my business affairs."
 
Milton called soon thereafter and he said mine was the first business call he had made.  
 
We met for lunch at Sheffield's old "House of Lords" downtown.  This was about a week after he hit town.  
 
We became lifelong friends and he seemed more excited to come to Alaska than any newcomer I've met over the years.  
 
Following his career with Frontier, Milton organized Charter College, which he led during another career, as president (i.e. his fourth college presidency, as I recall).
 
He remained active throughout his Alaska adventure with Commonwealth North, the World Affairs Council, Rotary International and the Alaska Support Industry Alliance, among many other charitable and public interest pursuits.
 
He and his beloved wife, Sue, moved to Las Cruces, N.M. where he passed away recently.
 
Our dear friend, Dr. Milton Byrd, was a serious man with a wry sense of humor punctuated with a twinkle in the eye.  He was a man of honor, grace, wisdom and dedication.  
 
He made the world better.
 
Thank you, God, for letting this great one to have been among us.
 
A mutual friend, Ken Martinson, summed it up best: "The news about Milt's passing is in sorrow, but his Life's accomplishments and contributions are full of joy."  -dh

That action led to roughly 20 years of tax stability, massive industry investment and more production than had been earlier envisioned.  

Then, in 2006-07, the production tax was massively increased, leading to continuing declines in production and action in the last legislative session to again reform taxes.  

Tax reform did pass (SB 21) last Spring, but it was immediately attacked by minority legislators and a group of environmental activists and mostly democratic grass roots operators.  They succeeded in gathering enough signatures last summer to place on this coming August primary ballot a proposition that, if a majority vote "yes", would repeal oil tax reform.  

This week's major focus (scroll down to review stories and commentary) in Juneau has been on legislation intended to advance an Alaska North Slope gas pipeline/LNG project that would both provide intrastate gas supply and gas for export.

We can easily surmise that if a majority elect to repeal tax reform, Alaskans will see diminished oil industry investment, a faltering economy and little hope for a gas pipeline/LNG project during this generation's watch. 


Calgary Herald.  

Deputy premier Dave Hancock was chosen interim premier of Alberta during a Tory caucus meeting at the legislature Thursday morning.

“I think what we need is some stability as we go through the process of leadership selection,” Hancock said when asked what qualities an interim leader should posses. “Government obviously has to continue to do its job. Ministers have to continue to do their work. The budget needs to get passed, the rest of our session needs to be dealt with, so it’s steady as she goes through that process while potential leadership candidates are getting their campaigns together and going out.


San Francisco Chronicle/AP by Becky Bohrer.  

The Alaska Senate on Tuesday passed legislation aimed at advancing a major liquefied natural gas project, over nagging concerns about the role of TransCanada Corp.

The vote, following hours of debate, was 15-5. Republican Sen. Bert Stedman joined minority Democrats Hollis French, Bill Wielechowski, Johnny Ellis and Berta Gardner in voting against.

Natural Resources Commissioner Joe Balash had hoped for a resounding approval as a message to the other project partners and markets about Alaska's resolve in pursuing a project. Tuesday evening, Gov. Sean Parnell thanked the Senate for passing his bill and said he looked forward to working with the House to pass legislation "on Alaska's terms and in Alaskans' interests."


 

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